MANUSCRIPTS: There are two, both written about 1863. A third, known to have been written, is now lost. That reproduced above (Bingham) is in a letter to an unidentified recipient, sent probably to Samuel Bowles. It is without signature, and the poem is preceded by the message:
Dear friend If you doubted my Snow - for a moment - you never will - again - I know -The semifinal draft, of which the fair copy above and the lost copy are redactions, is in packet 18 (H 101a):
Through the Straight Pass of SufferingThe text of the lost fair copy, discussed below, is that of the packet copy with all suggested changes rejected, but with the spelling "strait" (line 1). In the fair copy above ED adopted her suggested changes for lines 4 and 10, but rejected that for line 2.
PUBLICATION: The poem first appeared in the Independent, XLIII (12 March 1891), 1, titled "The Martyrs." It derived from the lost copy to Sue which she sent to the editor, Dr. William Hayes Ward. The exchange of letters regarding it, written by Susan Dickinson and Dr. Ward, is in AB, 114-118. With the same title it was issued in Poems (1891), 33, and follows the text of the fair copy above, then in Mrs. Todd's possession. The third word in line 1 is spelled "straight." In both printings, one word is altered:
8. Bond] bound